NASA selected him as a Mercury astronaut in April 1959. He directed part of the 1962 flight by manual control. Glenn had missed his target by about 50 miles, but Carpenter overshot it by about 250 miles. Kate Mulgrew of 'Star Trek: Voyager' crashes Captain Janeway statue celebration via Zoom, In the hunt for Planet Nine, astronomers eye a new search technique for the elusive world. OFFER: Save 45% on 'All About Space' 'How it Works' and 'All About History'! At Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, Mercury astronaut Scott Carpenter, with biosensors attached to his head, lies in a bed during a 1962 astronaut training activity. The astronaut piloting the trainer sees an image of Earth at his feet. Europe will help build NASA's moon-orbiting Gateway space station, NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft is tucking away precious asteroid samples for safekeeping. Carpenter admitted to making some mistakes, but he also partly blamed the miss on problems with the spacecraft’s controls. The two astronauts had very similar missions, though Carpenter's tasks involved more science experiments. Schirra followed Carpenter into space aboard Sigma 7 five months later, doubling the … Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! There was a problem. Show full articles without "Continue Reading" button for {0} hours. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, This article was adapted from a previous version published in All About Space Bookazine, a Future Ltd. publication. Before the 1962 launch of the Mercury-Atlas 7, astronauts John Glenn, on the left, and Scott Carpenter, prime pilot for NASA's second manned orbital mission, make last minute preparations for the flight. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Like Glenn before him, Carpenter made three turns around Earth and spent four … Carpenter's Aurora 7 capsule lifted off aboard an Atlas rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida, at 7:45 a.m. EST, May 24. In the White Room at Cape Canaveral in Florida, Project Mercury astronaut Scott Carpenter trains on how to exit the craft through the top. At NASA's Langley Air Force Base, Project Mercury astronaut Scott Carpenter, prime pilot for NASA's second orbital flight, manually controls a spacecraft simulator in the Air Lubricated Free Attitude trainer in preparation for the Mercury-Atlas 7 mission. Receive news and offers from our other brands? Thank you for signing up to Space. And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at: Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Carpenter See archival NASA photos of the historic mission in this photo gallery. May 24, 1962: Scott Carpenter becomes 2nd American in orbit. Still not enough space? In a procedures trainer at Langley Air Force Base, prime pilot for NASA's second manned orbital flight, Project Mercury astronaut Scott Carpenter, trains during a simulated mission. Some NASA officials said Carpenter was distracted and had started his landing preparations late. This article was most recently revised and updated by,, New Mexico Museum of Space History - International Space Hall of Fame - Biography of Malcolm S. Carpenter, NASA - Biography of Malcolm Scott Carpenter, Malcolm Scott Carpenter - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Like us on Facebook to see similar stories, Hurricane Zeta, Southern California wildfires, coronavirus pandemic: 5 things to know Wednesday, American restaurants that revolutionized the way we eat, On This Day in Space! © ... On May 24, 1962, Carpenter lifted off onboard the spacecraft he dubbed Aurora 7 sitting atop the Mercury-Atlas 7 rocket. M. Scott Carpenter by Tara Gray. …Mercury orbital flights, carrying astronauts M. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Malcolm Scott Carpenter was born on May 1, 1925, in Boulder, Colorado, the son of Marion Scott Carpenter (1901–1973), a research chemist, and Florence Kelso (née Noxon, known in her family as "Toye"; 1900–1962). Behind the Scenes: Inside Astronaut Scott Carpenter's 1962 Mercury Flight (Photos). Visit our corporate site. In 1964 he broke his left arm in a motorcycle accident. He holds the "man line" attaching the survival kit to the astronaut in case of a contingent landing. Astronaut John Glenn, on the left, and Scott Carpenter talk over the Mercury-Atlas 7 mission flight plan. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. On May 24, 1962, NASA astronaut Scott Carpenter became the fourth American to go to space and the second American to orbit the Earth. But one big difference between the two missions was the accuracy of their landings. He was the backup pilot for John Glenn, who first orbited Earth three months earlier. Here: Astronaut M. Scott Carpenter, prime pilot for Mercury-Atlas 7, undergoes centrifuge training to simulate high G-forces during spaceflight. Rene Carpenter watching the launch of her husband, Scott Carpenter, aboard the Aurora 7 capsule in 1962. Join our Space Forums to keep talking space on the latest missions, night sky and more! Omissions? Scott Carpenter wasn’t supposed to be the second American to orbit the Earth. This photo was taken in 1959, three years before his first orbital flight. In 1965 Carpenter was detached from the space program to lead two teams in the Sealab II experiment, living and working 205 feet (62.5 metres) under the Pacific Ocean as part of the U.S. Navy’s effort to find better rescue methods for submarines. For a limited time, you can take out a digital subscription to any of our best-selling science magazines for just $2.38 per month, or 45% off the standard price for the first three months.View Deal. The second American to orbit the Earth, Scott Carpenter, blasted off on May 24, 1962 and made three trips around the planet before he accidentally landed off-course. Malcolm Scott Carpenter, Commander (USN, Ret. They both lifted off on Mercury-Atlas rockets from the same launchpad at Cape Canaveral, and they both completed three orbits in just under 5 hours. Carpenter studied aeronautical engineering at the University of Colorado but left just short of graduation. He ended up bobbing around in the ocean for over an hour while recovery teams tried to find him. He entered the U.S. Navy in 1949 and served as a surveillance pilot in the Korean War. Get breaking space news and the latest updates on rocket launches, skywatching events and more! Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Who was the second U.S. astronaut to travel into space? Carpenter, known in his childhood as Bud or Buddy, moved with his parents to New York City, where his father had been awarded a postdoctoral research post at Columbia University, in 1925. At the School of Aviation Medicine in Pensacola Florida, Scott Carpenter finishes another test of balance as he places one foot in front of another to walk in a straight line. In this photo taken in 1961, Scott Carpenter participates in a balance mechanism performance test by walking barefoot on a narrow board at the School of Aviation Medicine in Pensacola, Florida. She declined to conform to the expectations of astronauts’ wives. Space calendar 2020: Rocket launches, sky events, missions & more! Please refresh the page and try again. Scott Carpenter, American test pilot and astronaut who was one of the original seven astronauts in NASA’s Project Mercury and the fourth to be launched into space. Receive mail from us on behalf of our trusted partners or sponsors? Space is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. Carpenter's flight followed just a few months later, on May 24, 1962. In 1967 he helped set up Sealab III but retired from naval duty in 1969 to enter private oceanography and energy research. Corrections? The bag holding the life vest is visible around Carpenter's neck. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). A water egress training session prepares astronaut Scott Carpenter for his responsibilities as prime pilot for the Mercury-Atlas 7 mission. It was Carpenter who famously said "Godspeed, John Glenn" during that flight. Carpenter was the fourth American in space and second American to orbit Earth. Carpenter was one of NASA’s first group of astronauts known as the "Mercury Seven." New York, NY 10036. ), was born on May 1, 1925, in Boulder, Colorado, to parents Dr. Marion Carpenter and Florence Kelso (Noxon) Carpenter. Catch up on our entire "On This Day In Space" series on YouTube with this playlist. Astronaut Scott Carpenter walks to the launch site to begin the Mercury-Atlas 7 (MA-7) mission on May 24, 1962. Before the 1962 launch of the Mercury-Atlas 7, astronauts John Glenn, on the left, and Scott Carpenter, prime pilot for NASA's second manned … Don't forget to check out our Space Image of the Day, and on the weekends our Best Space Photos and Top Space News Stories of the week. See how … Follow us @Spacedotcom and on Facebook. Scott Carpenter, in full Malcolm Scott Carpenter, (born May 1, 1925, Boulder, Colorado, U.S.—died October 10, 2013, Denver, Colorado), American test pilot and astronaut who was one of the original seven astronauts in NASA’s Project Mercury and the fourth to be launched into space. Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Facebook. It was initially feared that he had not survived the capsule’s atmospheric reentry, but after a 40-minute search it was discovered that he had splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean more than 400 km (about 250 miles) from his projected location. Email Hanneke Weitering at or follow her @hannekescience. Updates?

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